Construction is one of the major drivers of CO2 emissions and energy consumption in the world. Building under ecological criteria is a challenge, however in recent times it has been possible to shift towards a more positive attitude about it.
The design and architecture are being renovated to reduce the harmful effects on health and the environment, generating designs according to the environment.
The World Commission on Environment and Development defined sustainability as "development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs".
Sustainable architecture takes into account the life cycle of the materials used for construction, as well as the use of renewable energies, waste recycling and, above all, adapt the design to geographical characteristics.
Thinking about lighting, ventilation and heating, reducing pollutants, using local materials are also part of this trend.
Around the concept of sustainable architecture there are certain myths:
Sustainable housing has unusual designs. They don’t have to be weird or different. They can have the style you like.
The materials are expensive and not accessible. We usually opt for materials that are available to the surroundings.
Expensive technology is used. It is possible to use natural resources and the environment surrounding the construction to generate energy, have good ventilation and lighting.
It takes a lot of maintenance. This isn’t true either. The materials are generally long-lasting and durable, as well as being environmentally friendly.